Many people now get news from social media sites and networks. It can often be difficult to tell whether stories are credible or not. Thus, there has been an increase in false information. False information is news, stories or hoaxes created to deliberately deceive readers. Usually, these stories are created to either influence people’s views, push a political agenda, or cause confusion.

There are four types of fake information. First, clickbait stories use sensationalist headlines to grab attention at the expense of truth or accuracy. Second, propaganda are created to mislead audiences. They are also aimed to promote a biased point of view or particular political cause. The third type is satire. Lots of websites and social media accounts publish fake news stories for entertainment and parody. Fourth, there is sloppy journalism. Sometimes reporters or journalists may publish a story with unreliable information or without checking all of the facts. All of these types need to be aware of and avoided by readers.

Question – 1

According to the passage, false information is created to deliberately … reders.

(A) mislead

(B) betray

(C) blame

(D) dismiss

(E) disappoint

Jawab: (A)

Jawaban untuk mengisi bagian kosong dari pernyataan diperoleh dari kalimat ketiga: False information is news, stories or hoaxes created to deliberately deceive readers. Informasi palsu adalah berita, cerita atau hoax yang dibuat dengan sengaja untuk menipu pembacanya.

  • Arti kelima kata pada pilihan ganda:
    • mislead = menyesatkan
    • betray = mengkhianati
    • blame = menyalahkan
    • dismiss = memecat
    • disappoint = mengecewakan

Kata dengan makna yang sesuai kata deceive adalah mislead. Jadi, kata yang tepat untuk mengisi bagian yang kosong dari pernyataan According to the passage, false information is created to deliberately … reders adalah mislead.

Question – 2

Based on the passage, the word sloppy in paragraph 2 means …

(A) firm

(B) slippery

(C) careless

(D) ignorant

(E) convincing

Jawab: (C)

Kata sloppy pada paragraf 2 terdapat pada kalimat 6 yaitu: Fourth, there is sloppy journalism (Keempat, ada jurnalisme yang ceroboh). Kata sloppy dalam kalimat tersebut bermakna ceroboh. Kata yang memiliki makna sama dengan sloppy adalah careless (ceroboh).

Jadi, jawab untuk pertanyaan: Based on the passage, the word sloppy in paragraph 2 means … adalah careless (C).

Kosa kata (vocabulary):

KataArti
firmtegas
slipperylicin
carelessceroboh
ignorantcuek
convincingmeyakinkan

Question – 3

To produce reliable information, journalists … double check all of the facts they have.

(A) would

(B) could

(C) might

(D) must

(E) shall

Jawab: (D)

Kalimat 7 paragraf kedua pada bacaan di atas memberikan keterangan: Sometimes reporters or journalists may publish a story with unreliable information or without checking all of the facts. Artinya: Terkadang reporter atau jurnalis menerbitkan berita dengan informasi yang tidak dapat diandalkan atau tanpa memeriksa semua faktanya.

Dari keterangan di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa: Untuk menghasilkan informasi yang dapat diandalkan, jurnalis harus memeriksa kembali semua fakta yang mereka miliki. Sehingga kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong dari pernyataan tersebut adalah harus.

To produce reliable information, journalists must double check all of the facts they have.

Kosa kata (vocabulary):

KataArti
wouldakan
couldbisa
mightmungkin
mustharus
shall akan

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